The Batek Negrito people's ancestral land, rainforest as far as the eye can see, Taman Negara National Park, Malaysia.  1994
 Batek Negrito boy leans against bark sided hut in Taman Negara National Park.  The central government set up this settlement for the Batek in the south side of the park but wanted the Batek to leave the forest and join mainstream society.  Near Kuala Tahan, Malaysia.  1994
 Batek mother smokes a clove cigarette and wearily eyes a stranger, Taman Negara National Park, Peninsular Malaysia.  Part of another government attempt to assimilate these Negrito hunter/gatherers, this band of Batek occupy a compound on the edge of the rainforest set up by officials at the National Park.  The Batek regularly dissolved back into the forest using the settlement as a base to access the old growth forest.  1994
 International smuggling of timber: Illegally obtained logs being unloaded from junks which have sailed across the Straits of Melaka from Sumatra, Indonesia to Melaka, Peninsular Malaysia.  1994  These crew were Indonesians and could not disembark into Malaysia and had to immediately after this illegal transaction. 
 Ethnic Tamil woman slices into bark of rubber tree to tap its latex, Interior hills near Melaka, Malaysia.  The British introduced industrial plantations to the Malay Peninsula but the practice was greatly expanded, with its corresponding clear cutting of the old growth forests, after independence.  Now, the lowland forests all but gone on the peninsula, and most of the rubber plantations have been converted to more profitable oil palm.   1994
 Batek Negrito children smoke clove cigarettes, Taman Negara National Park, Malaysia.  1994  On a visit to the government settlement, the fixer immediately distributed clove cigarettes and the children began smoking them too, something I would never see with Batek groups with less contact with the outside world.
 At the time of my first visit to the Malay Peninsula, Malaysia was beginning to embrace oil palm to the point that Malaysia now is #2 globally, behind its larger neighbor Indonesia in palm oil production.   Pahang, Peninsular Malaysia.  Late-1990's.  The expansion of oil palm plantations has had a devastating effect on Malaysia's rainforests leading to erratic rain patterns, flood, drought and hotter temperatures.
 Buttressed roots of rainforest tree, Taman Negara National Park.  Malaysia.  1994   Taman Negara National Park is a treasure trove of 434,300 hectares (4,343 sq. km / 1,676 sq. miles) of protected 130 million year old primary rainforest that supports tigers, sumatran rhinoceros, Asian elephants, Malaysian gaur (wild bovine), tapir, gibbons, monkeys totaling over 200 species of terrestrial animals, over 300 species of birds and over 1,000 species of butterfly.
 Batek Negrito hunter demonstrates how to use blowpipe, Taman Negara National Park, Malaysia.  Unlike their cousins in the Philippines, Batek men do not have dogs and hunt with poison darts shot from blowpipes.  1994
 Emergent dipterocarps in mist.  A 130 million year old rainforest, the oldest on the planet, in Malaysia's Taman Negara National Park which is home to the Batek Negrito people.  1994
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